Biomedical engineering applies engineering methods, science and technology to problems in medicine and biology, and is a growing field that will continue to have a significant impact on health care. It also involves learning about biology in new ways and developing new tools to diagnose disease and to repair or replace diseased organs.
Biomedical engineers work with other medical health care professionals as members of a team. Exciting advances in medicine, such as the artificial heart, pacemakers, medical imaging techniques, lasers, prosthetic implants, life support systems are the result of a team effort by biomedical engineers and other professionals.
At the end of their studies the students should have an idea about the complex chain starting from a patient over measurements, analysis to diagnosis and subsequent therapy based on the latest technological development in electronics and information technology, thus using all diagnostic, measuring and evaluating systems that may be used in medicine. They should be able to orientate themselves in both technical and non-technical problems linked with technology application in medicine as well.
Since it is assumed that the graduates will find jobs mostly in the health care domain, the education, qualification, accreditation, and occupations are regulated by special legal provisions. During 2004 and 2005 new law and related regulations became effective. The Act No. 96/2004 Coll. on non-medical health service occupations set the basic framework for all the health care professions with the exception of the medical professions (medical doctor, dentist, farmacist). For more information see article Accreditation and Certification in Biomedical Engineering in the Czech Republic.